Ayurveda is the most ancient science & traditional system of healing continuing till today in the world. Ayurveda originated as a part of VEDIC science dates back to VEDIC period about 5000 years ago. It is considered as 5th VEDA or rather an 'Upveda of ATHARVEDA'. The word Ayurved is made up of 2 components 'Ayu' which means life & 'VEDA' means knowledge or science, therefore Ayurveda is Science of life, ie LIFE SCIENCE. Ayurved is not only a system of medicine but it is a complete Philosophy of life.
Ayurveda is based on Samkhya philosophy of creation, the meaning of samkhya is to know the truth, Truth is being, pure existence i.e. the source of all life. So Ayurved is the science of truth as it is expressed in life. The Rishi’s discovered truth by religious practices & disciplines. They manifested truth in their daily life through intensive meditation. They perceived how cosmic energy manifests in all living and non living things & there is close relationship between man & the Universe & the source of all existence is cosmic consciousness.
Basic Principles Of Ayurveda
According to ayurvedic philosophy, all the living & non-living matters are made up of five basic elements in various proportions, they are AKASH (Ether), VAYU (Air), TEJA (Fire), JAL (Water), PRITHVI (Earth) and Even the human body is made up of these elements known collectively as PANCHTATVA or PANCH MAHA BHUTAS. According to Ayurveda again, all the physiological functions of the body are governed by three Bio Logical Units namely VATA, PITTA & KAFA. Each of which in turn is made up of PANCHBUTAS. Physiologically, these three doshas are responsible for various specific functions in the body.
VATA is responsible for all voluntary & involuntary movements in the human body PITTA is responsible for all digestive & metabolic activities. KAFA provides the static energy (Strength) for holding body tissue together. It also provides lubricants at the various points. It gives support & bulk of body tissue.
When these DOSHAS are in normal state of functioning it is health & when they loose their Equilibrium and get vitiated by various internal and external factors. They produce varied diseases in the human body. Hence Ayurvedic treatment of any disease is aimed at restoring the equilibrium of these three doshas.
Branches Of Ayurveda
- Ayurveda is mainly classified into eight branches which specialise in different fields of medicine
- Kaya Chikitsa (Internal Medicine)
- Shalya Tantra (Surgery)
- Shalakya Tantra (ENT & Ophthalmology)
- Kumar bhrtya & Prasuti Tantra (Pediatrics and Gynecology)
- Rasayan (Rejuvenation Therapy)
- Vajikarna (Aphrodisiac Therapy)
- Agada Tantra (toxicology)
- Bhut – Vidya (Psychiatry)
Defination Of Health
In Ayurveda, Health is equilibrium of three biological unit (doshas) & body tissues (dhatus) in the body and a state of pleasure or happiness of soul, senses and the mind. These states will certainly lead to the social & spiritual well being of an individual.
Causes Of Diseases As Described In Ayurveda:
- Un-Satisfactory Sensory Reactions to stimulation. (Asatmendriyarth Samyog)
- Abnormal behavior leading to in-appropriate verbal, physical & mental activities. (Pragyapradh)
- Effects of Climate changes. (Parinaam)
Diagnosis in Ayurveda is based on several ways that is Pulse diagnosis, examination of urine & stool, examination of body sounds & touch, observing the total appearance, digestive capacities, patient’s resilience, thorough and detailed questioning & life expectancy.
Treatment – In Ayurveda, great emphasis lays on preventive and dietary methods during times of good health and illness that is classified into two kinds. Promotion of Vigour in healthy and cure of disease is in the afflicted. Ayurvedic Medicines besides the herbal & mineral drugs offers a variety of treatment and procedures structured to the needs of a patient.
Treatment includes balancing the biological humours (VATA, PITTA & KAFA), personalizing dietary regime, lifestyle modification, emotional release, purification of body by Panch Karma, Palliation, use of herbs and other natural products.
Considerable success has been recorded in the healing of chronic illness through Ayurveda in diseases like – Metabolic & Systemic disorders, Skin & allergic disorders, psychological disorders, auto immune diseases etc which are generally not amenable to other forms of treatment.
Specialized treatment for Obesity, Benign Prostate Enlargement, Psoriasis and other Chronic Skin & Hair problems and Low Body Immunity has been done successfully over a long period.
Ayurvedic medicines are accepted by the human organism, in much the same way as it accepts the nourishment from food. These medicines are from herbs and other natural products therefore they act bio friendly to the body and do not cause any negative side effects.