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Breast screening is a method of identifying breast cancer at an early stage. It is done by performing x-rays of the breast known as mammograms. A mammogram can detect small changes in breast tissue, which may indicate cancers which are too small to be felt either by the woman herself or by a doctor. By the time a lump can be felt, it is likely to have been there for quite some time, and the longer it has been there undetected, the more the chance it has had to grow and spread.
It is an x-ray of the breast which is performed by exposing the breast to a low dose of radiation. During the procedure, the breasts are compressed between two plates for a few seconds. This is not painful but some women may find it slightly uncomfortable. The mammogram is reported by a specialist breast radiologist.
If the mammogram is reported as normal, you need not go for any further tests. However, further tests will be required if the radiologist detects an abnormality. These include a breast ultrasound and in a few cases, a breast MRI. A needle biopsy of the lump may be recommended and this can be done as an outpatient procedure.
Apart from saving vital time, which is crucial in fighting cancer, screening also gives the patient the following advantages:
Though the advantages of screening outweighs the disadvantages, you should still be aware of them:
If you have never had any breast problems and do not have a family history of breast cancer, then your first contact with a breast specialist should be at the age of 40. At BLK, we recommend this should be repeated once in every two years. If you have a family history of breast cancer, you must see a breast specialist as soon as possible. The specialist will then customise your screening tests and its frequency based on the extent of your risk
There are some general precautions you can take to reduce the risk of breast cancer:
Every Indian woman should be aware of the following facts and figures about breast cancer:
Remember, breast screening cannot prevent cancer. It only detects cancer.
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Technology facilitates correct diagnosis of various ailments for best and shortest road to recovery. Get a closer glimpse of our cutting-edge-technology in the gallery below.
We have world class specialists from around the globe and facilitates correct diagnosis of various ailments for best and shortest road to recovery. Get a closer glimpse of our cutting-edge-technology in the gallery below.