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Dr. Kapil Kumar

Dr. Kapil Kumar
Director & HOD
Surgical Oncology
BLK Cancer Centre
BLK Super Speciality
Hospital, New Delhi

A Promising Future

Role of Robotics Surgery in the field of
Oncology

With advancements in medical practices and continually emerging technology, the treatment landscape for Cancer looks phenomenally different from the contemporary surgical trends in the 80s and the 90s. With the endeavour to pour life into inanimate objects, the futurists of our generation have made Robotics Surgery a commonly known treatment.

The Robotic System allows surgeons to perform a variety of delicate and complicated surgical procedures to otherwise inaccessible Cancerous Tumours. Unlike manual procedures, Robotic Surgery helps in enhanced vision, dexterity, precision and control. In Roboticassisted Laparoscopic Surgery, the surgeon passes a laparoscope through a minute incision made using a robotic arm. This enables the surgeon to examine the internal region of the body on a nearby monitor.

Robotic Systems equip a surgeon to execute complex tasks like Prostate Surgery while preserving the nerve fibre and blood vessels attached to the gland. Application of automated techniques enables a clear distinction between tissue planes and precise Tumour removal. Maintaining of oncological standards, handling issues and outcomes that arise during an operation and adopting more suitable techniques to help minimise complications are the principles which inspired the minimally invasive approach in Oncological Surgery.

Often, cell growth in the body infects the tissue on a deeper level which demands an intensive treatment that can guarantee a high clearance rate while preserving the healthy tissue at the same time. Robotic Surgery ensures all such procedures are executed with the utmost care and quality. In cases related to Kidney, Cervical, Uterine and Ovarian Cancer, Robotic Surgery uses an improved sense of precision, dexterity and control as these regions are highly delicate and require an unwavering application of instruments into the affected area.

Apart from micro-precision surgery, minimal blood loss, faster return of sexual function, and reduced hospital stay; Robotics provides better Cancer control in relapse cases, reduced risk of wound infection, smoother bowel movement and significant results on scar visibility.

Such a wide range of benefits in the field of Oncology demonstrates multiple opportunities for surgical applications in the treatment of various stages of Cancer. Sharing the robotic system between different specialities in the same hospital; training and caseload are crucial to optimising the quality of the surgical performance and further development of new devices may help to decrease the costs and increase the diffusion of this technology.