What is Breast Cancer Screening?
It is the medical screening of healthy
women in an attempt to detect Breast
Cancer in the early stage.
How is Breast Cancer Screening beneficial?
Breast Cancer Screening helps to detect
Cancer at an initial stage and enables
early treatment to prevent the Cancer
from spreading. Over the years, Breast
Cancer Screening has helped reduce
the mortality rate.
How is Breast Cancer Screening done?
Breast Cancer Screening can be done in
1. Breast Self Examination (BSE)
2. Medical Examination
1. Breast Self Examination: Every
woman after the age of twenty years
should start conducting breast selfexamination,
once a month or just after
a menstrual period when breasts are not
tender or swollen.
♦ During examination check for any lump,
change in shape of the breast or texture of
skin and any secretion from nipples.
♦ Consult a local Oncologist to learn the
method of self-examination.
2. Medical Examination: According to
the American Cancer Society guidelines
for the early detection of
Cancer, women aged more
than 50 years should get
mammograms done every 1-2
♦ Screening should continue
as long as the woman is in
good health and is expected to
live 10 more years or longer.
♦ Women having a family
history of Breast or Ovarian
Cancer have a higher risk
of developing Breast Cancer
at an early age. Such
women should undergo
genetic testing (BRCA
gene mutation test ) after
consulting an Oncologist.
Women having this gene
mutation need special
attention and should take
preventive measures as
advised by their Oncologist.
♦ Women at higher risk are
those who have a family
history of Breast, Ovary,
Prostate and Pancreatic
Cancer in any close relative
like siblings, parents /
grandparents or uncle / aunt.