Alarming Arthritis

Younger Generation too Facing the Brunt of Arthritis

Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints and can affect one or multiple joints. There are over 100 different types of Arthritis, with different causes and treatment methods. Two of the most common types are Osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease) and Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Two decades back, Arthritis cases were usually reported to occur in patients in the age group of 60-75 years. Over the years, the age group has dropped to 55-75 years. Now, a majority of people opting for a joint replacement come from the age group of 50-65 years. Recent studies indicate that Arthritis is alarmingly rising among younger population even affecting adults from 20-30 years’ age groups due to several reasons including injuries and lifestyle complications. There is a startling increase in primary Osteoarthritis cases all over the world as well.

Arthritis cases are rapidly increasing among the younger generation due to various reasons including injuries. Arthritis and Osteoporosis are usually genetically inherited. However, injuries sustained in sports such as football, cricket, and acrobatics have also emerged as the major reasons for an arthritic knee. A fall can damage the cartilage or cause a loose body in the joint ligament. There can be a depression in cartilage which can cause damage to the knee. If appropriate treatment is not taken, then Arthritis can develop over a period of time.

Vitamin D deficiency is another reason that causes problems in the bones. This deficiency condition is called Osteomalacia. Mostly, it happens because of the existing food habits. There seems to be a growing tendency among the younger generation to consume more fast foods and less healthy foods. Vitamin D gets stored in the skin; however, sunlight exposure at a particular wavelength is required to break this down in our body. Morning hours between 9:30 am – 11:00 am is the best time to be under the sun to get sufficient amount of sunlight required by our body.

With rapidly changing lifestyle, it is evident that people are moving away from nature and health which can become a cause of various health issues like Arthritis. To prevent oneself from becoming a victim of Arthritis, it is advisable that one should lose weight to lessen the burden on the joints. Low impact exercises that don’t stress the joints such as swimming, walking are also helpful. Physiotherapy and medication are other options to help prevent arthritic conditions.

Dr. Gurvinder Singh

Dr. Gurvinder Singh

Sawhney
Sr. Consultant
Orthopaedic Surgeon
Nanavati Super Speciality
Hospital, Mumbai