The Future is Here
Robotics and its future in the field of
The origins of Robotic Surgery can be traced back to when Laparoscopy
procedures were operated on patients. With eyes on the screen relaying
the patient’s surgical field, the surgeon operated with somewhat limited
hand movement due to inaccurate visualisation. This limitation was
eliminated by the development of surgical robots. Today, surgical robots
cover a wide spectrum of procedures which can be undertaken with
minimal risk. From Tumour removal, kidney surgery to complicated
operations of heart like heart valve repair and cardiac surgeries etc.
Robotic heart surgery is a minimally invasive operation using minute
incisions. It minimises the time duration of the surgery causing
less pain, shorter length of stay, and improved cosmesis. Minimally
invasive operations using robotics became a viable alternative to
median sternotomy which is considered the gold standards for cardiac
related operations. Today, heart surgeons perform complex Mitral
Valve Repairs, Coronary Revascularisations, and other congenital
heart surgery procedures using the robotic assistance.
The three-dimensional scopes coupled with articulating wrist facilitate
a better movement in an enclosed space with six-degree freedom points
as compared to traditional long-shafted instruments which limit the
freedom movement to only four points. This enhancement suppresses
any tremors that a surgeon faces during the surgery.
Robotic cardiac surgery is used mostly for operating and treating artery
bypass procedures which ultimately results in an improved blood
flow to the heart. Besides, the procedure is also effective in repairing
leaky valves, arterial fibrillation correction which is a common type of
The technological advancements have eliminated some serious
challenges, however, there still remain certain challenges that hamper
the acceptance of robotic heart surgery. For example, many surgeons
remain concerned about the absence of haptic feedback or what is
known as the lack of human touch, in simpler terms. However, with
progressive research and development in the field of medical technology,
Robotics is likely to incorporate advanced features. Features like strain
sensors will equip the instrument arms with a haptic touch feedback
mechanism and a precise control of force. Along with miniaturisation
of camera and other features, optics will improve allowing for a better
Thus the concept of a highly specialised robotics technology has arrived
in India and is enabling the surgeons with most updated technology.
Besides, the ongoing research and development in the field will push
the benchmarks further and take the industry to the next level.