THE SECRET BEHIND
STRONG BONES

Understanding Osteoporosis and tips on
maintaining healthy bones after 50

Osteoporosis occurs when the bones start weakening leading to easy breakage of bones and fracture. It affects men and women both, but the risk is higher in women due to menopause which results in a sudden reduction in oestrogen level. Risk factors for osteoporosis include ageing, high body weight, poor activity level, low sex hormones or menopause, smoking and few drugs.

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Osteoporosis is a disease that arrives silently and one gets to know about it only after experiencing a crack or fracture. The side effects of Osteoporosis include backache, slow loss of height and formation of a stoop and easy microfractures at multiple levels of spine, wrist or hip. Old bones get continually replaced with new bones as bones are living tissues. Around 85 to 90 per cent of the grown-up bone mass is gained by the age of 18 in women and 20 in young men, so forming solid bones during youth can help avoid Osteoporosis at a later age. Brain governs hormonal activities, and our daily activities

provide feedback to the brain. The brain makes necessary changes to improve bone structure in order to perform those activities. Hence for a person who is bedridden, his brain understands his activity need is poor, and the bones tend to become weaker. While a person who works out every day, the brain will stimulate stronger bone formation. There are some lifestyle choices one can adopt to prevent oneself from Osteoporosis which include:

  • Performing weight-bearing exercise:
       Physical exercises that power you
       to neutralise gravity, for example,
       strolling and climbing, reinforce your
       bones and muscle.
  • Following a healthy diet: Eating
       nutritious food that is rich in calcium
       and vitamin D is basic to bone well
       being.
  • Abstaining from drinking alcohol
       in excess: People who drink a great
       deal of liquor at a young age are
       more inclined to bone misfortune
       and broken bones as the critical bone
       building is damaged due to heavy
       intake of alcohol.
  • Quit smoking: Notwithstanding
       being injurious to the heart and
       lungs, smoking is additionally
       harmful to bones, since individuals
       who smoke may assimilate less
       calcium from the nourishment they
       eat.
  • Early diagnosis: Bone Density Test
       is the most precise diagnostic tool to
       pre-empt the onset of Osteoporosis.
       If you hit early menopause, it is
       recommended to do a Bone-density
       Pre-operative image Post-operative image
       test.

Dr. (Maj Gen) Avtar

Prof.(Dr.) Pradeep
B. Bhosale
Director
Arthritis & Joint
Replacement Surgeries
Nanavati Super
Speciality Hospital
Mumbai

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