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Continuous arteriovenous haemofiltration to regulate hyperkalaemia during renal transplantation: a casereport.
Posted On: 21-Mar-2014

J Indian Med Assoc. 2006 Nov;104 (11):650, 652, 656.

Tripathi M1, Kaushik S, Pandey R. Author information

Abstract

Progressive hyperkalaemia is common in end stage renal disease patients waiting for renal transplantation. Ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation due to hyperkalaemia are life-threatening complications in these patients. In live and related renal transplant, after induction and anaesthesia, ventricular fibrillation and pulmonary oedema occurred. After immediate resuscitation by defibrillation and intravenous injection of adrenaline, the patient was put on continuous femoral arteriovenous haemofiltration (CAVH). This improved his pulmonary oedema, controlled hyperkalaemia and surgery could be completed uninterruptedly. After anaesthetising live and related kidney donor for nephrectomy, since it is not prudent to stop recipient surgery because of unforeseen complication, the authors wish to recommend CAVH as an alternative method to prevent life threatening cardiac complication of hyperkalaemia.

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