Bariatric surgery is an operation performed to help affected individuals lose weight. The basic principle of bariatric surgery is to restrict food intake. Overweight and obesity are the fifth leading risk for global deaths. Obesity is a serious worldwide health epidemic that affects 3 out of 4 Indians. This phenomenon is global and about 30 million Indians are obese. It is predicted to double in the next 5 years.
The formulas to calculate BMI based on two of the most commonly used unit systems:
Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is becoming most popular weight loss surgeries all over the world. It is an irreversible procedure where we reduce the size of the stomach by almost 80%.
Roux-en-y Gastric Bypass: Laparoscopic roux-en-y gastric bypass is combination of restriction and minimal malabsorption approach. It is a reversible weight loss surgery where small stomach pouch is created by using staples.
Mini Gastric Bypass: Laparoscopic mini gastric bypass is a slight variation of gastric bypass surgery. A bigger and longer pouch of stomach is created in which small intestinal loop is joined.
Intragastric Balloon or Gastric Balloon: Gastric balloon is a non-surgical procedure in which a balloon is inserted in the stomach. The balloon is filled with sterile saline water which occupies 80% part of the stomach and gives you feeling of fullness after having a small amount of food.