Diabetes mellitus (DM), referred simply as diabetes, is a metabolic disorder in which impaired insulin secretion or peripheral insulin resistance causes high blood sugar levels. Over a long period, diabetes left untreated or lead to a number of complications. Some of the most common complications from diabetes include damage to vital organs such as the eyes, heart, and kidney.
Diabetes affects nearly 425 million people across the world. The statistics regarding diabetic kidney diseases are alarming. About 30 percent patients with Type 1 diabetes and nearly 10-40 percent patients with Type 2 diabetes suffer from kidney disease, researchers believe.
Kidneys are vital body organs. Apart from removing waste products from the body, they also perform essential functions such as maintaining the electrolyte balance and regulating blood pressure. They also assist in blood production and activate When the kidneys are is a build-up of toxic wastes in the body. If the damage progresses the patient may need dialysis.
Diabetic kidney disease or nephropathy is damage to the kidneys due to untreated or uncontrolled diabetes. This happens over a long time (often years) with slight no symptoms at first.
Diabetes Mellitus causes damage to the small blood vessels of the body. blood vessels in the kidneys get damaged, the kidneys do not effectively filter out wastes leading to toxic build up in the body. While early kidney damage due to diabetes does not show any symptoms, as the damage progresses, the patients may lose their appetite and there may be fluid retention in the feet and other parts. It could also lead to abnormal amounts of protein in the urine. If left untreated, diabetic nephropathy could lead to kidney failure. People who are diabetic are also prone to hypertension or high blood pressure which aggravates kidney damage.
Prevention of diabetic kidney disease
There is no known medicine that can reverse damage to the kidneys due to diabetes mellitus. This kind of kidney damage can, however, be prevented or at least delayed if precautions are taken early on. Diabetic memory alludes to the fact that if the patient is diagnosed diabetic right at the start of the disease and is treated effectively then complications like nephropathy are significantly reduced. The best way to prevent diabetic kidney disease is by being on regular medication and following a healthy diet plan and exercise regimen. These keep the blood sugar levels under control. It is also important to keep blood pressure under control and get tested for diabetic nephropathy regularly. Smoking is an additional risk factor and diabetic patients must quit smoking before it takes a toll on kidney health.
It is important to note that the chances of getting a diabetic kidney disease can be prevented if diagnosed early. However, if you are already affected by diabetic nephropathy it is still possible to check the progression of the disease and prevent kidney failure.