Lymphoma Cancer Programme

The Lymphoma Cancer Programme provides a comprehensive approach to patient care. A collaborative team of Lymphoma Experts in Medical Oncology, Radiation Oncology, Pathology and Radiology offer integrated care for patients including treatment for all sub-types of non-Hodgkin's and Hodgkin's Lymphoma .
 

What Is Lymphoma Cancer?

Lymphoma is a type of cancer that develops in the lymphatic system, part of the immune system that helps filter out bacteria and fight disease. Like other cancers, lymphoma involves abnormal growth of cells that multiply or fails to die on time. With its growth, Lymphoma Cancer begins to affect the normal functions of the body as malignancy reaches to other tissues and organs in the body.

Lymphoma is of two main types:

  • Hodgkin Lymphoma: It affects lymph tissue in the lymphatic system but can spread to the lungs, bone marrow and blood. It occurs in two peak age groups —20s and 80s.
  • Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: It has a variety of cancers affecting the immune system which accounts for nearly 90 % of all Lymphomas.

What Are The Indications For Lymphoma Cancer?

Signs and symptoms of Lymphoma Cancer are:

  • Painless swelling in one or more lymph nodes (often in the upper chest, armpit, neck or groin)
  • Unexplained or persistent fever
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Excessive sweating, particularly at night
  • Persistent cough or chest pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Itchy skin
  • Tenderness or abdominal bloating due to an enlarged spleen
  • Shortness of breath with normal activity
  • Rashes or lumps on the skin
  • Lymph node pain after consuming alcohol

What Are The Different Stages Of Lymphoma Cancer?

  • Stage I: One group of lymph nodes gets affected, either above or below the diaphragm.
  • Stage II: Two or more groups of lymph nodes are affected, either above or below the diaphragm.
  • Stage III: Lymph nodes available on both sides of the diaphragm are affected.
  • Stage IV: Lymphoma is present in organs outside the lymphatic system or in the bone marrow.

How Is Lymphoma Cancer Diagnosed?

Doctors conduct many tests to diagnose cancer and ascertain if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. Lymphoma Cancer is often diagnosed using the following tests:

  • Biopsy
  • Blood analysis
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Ultrasound
  • Bone scans
  • Computed tomography (CT)
  • Whole body PET-CT Scan
  • Tests of heart and lung function
  • Staging Tests

What Are The Possible Treatments For Lymphoma Cancer?

There are varied treatment options to remove or destroy cancer within the lymphatic system and nearby tissues. These may include surgical processes, therapies or a combination of both.

  • Surgical process: A doctor aims to remove the tumour and some of the tissues in the surrounding areas where cancer may have spread
  • Radiation Therapy: Involves the use of high-energy waves to kill cancer cells
  • Chemotherapy: Involves the use of powerful medicines to kill cancer cells
  • Targeted Therapy: Targets cancer specific genes, proteins, or the tissue environment that contributes to cancer growth and survival
  • Immunotherapy: Involves the use of medicines that prompt the body's immune system or natural defenses to destroy cancer
  • Antibody Therapy: Involves the insertion of synthetic antibodies into the bloodstream to combat cancer's antigens.
  • Stem-cell Transplantation: Damage bone marrow is restored using stem-cell transplantation, following high-dose Chemotherapy or Radiation Therapy.
  • Steroid Injection: Steroids are injected in the affected area to treat Lymphoma.

A patient might get Chemotherapy, Hormone Therapy, or Targeted Therapy along with surgery or radiation. This approach will help in killing the residual cancer cells, during other forms of treatment.

What Are The Precautions One Must Take To Avoid Lymphoma Cancer?

  • Keep a balanced weight.
  • Look for a family history of inheriting lymphoma.
  • Get regular check-ups done for various infections causing Lymphoma Cancer.
  • Avoid exposure to radiation in any form.

Are There Any Risk Factors Involved?

Some of the major factors that lead to Lymphoma Cancer are:

  • Age: Lymphoma can develop in people of any age group. However, the majority of people diagnosed with the same are above 60 years of age. Many cases where children have developed Lymphoma Cancer are due to pre-existing immune system deficiency.
  • Weak immune system: Weakening of the immune system makes the body more susceptible to Lymphoma and other infections.
  • Family history: Existence of  Lymphoma in the family tree increases the likelihood of inheriting the disease
  • Infections: Some illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis C, Epstein-Barr virus and Helicobacter pylori, are all factors that can increase the risk of developing Lymphoma.
  • Radiation Exposure: People exposed to high levels of radiation or had previous Radiation Therapy, are at an increased risk of developing Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma.

Find Complete Relief from BLK Experts

If you think you are facing similar conditions, or have suffered from them in the past, please contact the BLK Hospital team to schedule an appointment at : +91-11-30403040

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