Sarcoma and Bone Cancer Programme

The Sarcoma and Bone Cancer Programme provides solution to diagnose and treat Bone Cancers such as Soft Tissue Sarcomas, Osteosarcoma, Ewing's Sarcoma and Chondrosarcoma etc. with limb salvage surgery, using customised modular bone &  joint prosthesis and  biological grafts.

Specialists in Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy and Prosthetics, also address ‘quality of life’ issues of  patients with effective support at each step of the treatment plan.

What Is Sarcoma And Bone Cancer?

A sarcoma is a rare kind of cancer that destroys healthy bone tissue with a formation of malignant tumour of the bone. It is a cancer of the soft tissue (muscle, fat, nerve, or connective tissue) or bone.
The major types of Sarcoma and Bone Cancer are:

  • Chondrosarcomas: Cartilage forming tumours
  • Osteosarcomas: Bone forming tumours
  • Fibrosarcomas: Fibrogenic Tissue forming tumours

What Are The Indications For Sarcoma And Bone Cancer?

Signs and symptoms of Sarcoma and Bone Cancer are:

  • Bone pain
  • Fatigue
  • A lump in the affected area
  • Swelling and tenderness in the affected area
  • Weakened bone, leading to fracture
  • Unintended weight loss

How Is Sarcoma And Bone Cancer Diagnosed?

Doctors conduct many tests to diagnose cancer and ascertain if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. Sarcoma and Bone Cancer is often diagnosed using the following tests:

  • Biopsy
  • Bone scan
  • Computerized tomography (CT)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Positron emission tomography (PET)
  • X-ray
  • Staging Tests

What Are The Possible Treatments For Sarcoma And Bone Cancer?

There are varied treatment options to remove or destroy cancer within the healthy bone tissue and nearby tissues. These may include surgical processes, therapies or a combination of both.

  • Surgical Process: A doctor aims to remove the tumour and some of the bone tissue that is in the surrounding areas where the cancer may have spread while preserving the affected limb
  • Radiation Therapy: Involves the use of high-energy waves to kill cancer cells
  • Chemotherapy: Involves the use of powerful medicines to kill cancer cells
  • Targeted Therapy: Targets cancer specific genes, proteins, or the tissue environment that contributes to cancer growth and survival
  • Immunotherapy: Involves the use of medicines that prompt the body's immune system or natural defences to destroy cancer

A patient might get Chemotherapy or Targeted Therapy along with surgery or radiation. This approach will help in treating the residual cancer cells, during other forms of treatment.

What Are The Precautions One Must Take To Avoid Sarcoma And Bone Cancer?

  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Individuals need to be aware of their genes for any history of malignant cancer.
  • A key to keep a fit body is diet rich in nutrients
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Be physically more active, exercise for at least 30 minutes daily.
  • Keep tobacco off-limit and avoid too much alcohol consumption.

Are There Any Risk Factors Involved?

Some of the major factors that lead to Sarcoma and Bone Cancer are:

  • Age (children): Osteosarcoma occurs in people between the ages of 10 and 19.
  • Age (adults): Chondrosarcoma occurs in older adults and the risk increases with age.
  • Family History: People with a family history of sarcoma.
  • Other Bone Disorder etc: People with a bone disorder such  Paget's disease.
  • Inherited Genetic Syndromes: People with a rare genetic disorder like Li-Fraumeni Syndrome, Retinoblastoma, Gardner Syndrome, or Neurofibromatosis.
  • Radiation Exposure: People with  medical history of exposure to radiation for the treatment of cancer.
  • Hereditary Retinoblastoma: Children diagnosed with the hereditary form of  a rare eye cancer face an increased risk for the development of sarcomas, both soft tissue (STS) and bone

Find Complete Relief from BLK Experts

If you think you are facing similar conditions, or have suffered from them in the past, please contact the BLK Hospital team to schedule an appointment at : +91-11-30403040

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