Thorax & Lung Cancer Programme

BLK Cancer Centre is one of the most well-known lung cancer centres in Delhi and continues the tradition of cutting-edge patient care with its multidisciplinary approach to treating cancer. We at BLK provide state-of-the-art care for lung cancer and staff with a team nudges combining the collective wisdom of surgical oncologists, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists and pathologists. 

Our Thoracic Cancer team has extensive experience in treating both early stages as well as complex cases of lung cancer. Our specialists have pioneered techniques that have become the template for optimal treatment for lung cancer in Delhi. 

With advanced knowledge and experience in handling complex chest wall, mediastinal and superior sulcus tumours our surgical oncologist use state-of-the-art diagnostics like VATS / mediastinoscopy to quickly assess your cancer, incorporating radical CT+RT and complex reconstructive approaches.
 

What Is Thoracic Cancer?

Lung cancer is cancer that begins in or spreads to the two organs found in the chest that help you breathe lungs.

There are two main types of thoracic cancer:

  • Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): one of the most common lung cancers with up to 80% of cases.
  • Small cell lung cancer: Also known as oat cell cancer, makes up to 10-15% of all lung cancer cases.

What Are The Indications For Thoracic Cancer?

Signs and symptoms of thoracic cancer include:

  • Lingering or worsening cough
  • Coughing up phlegm or blood
  • Bad chest pain that develops when you breathe deeply, laugh, or cough
  • Hoarseness of voice
  • Shortness of breath
  • Wheezing
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Loss of appetite and weight loss
  • Muscle weakness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fluid retention
  • High blood pressure
  • High blood sugar

How is Thoracic Cancer Diagnosed?

Doctors conduct many tests to diagnose cancer and learn if the cancer has spread to another part of the body. Thoracic Cancer is often diagnosed using the following tests:

  • Bronchoscopy with or without biopsy
  • Needle Biopsies
  • Sputum Cytology
  • CT (Computed Tomography) scan
  • PET-CT scan

What Are The Possible Treatments For Lung Cancer?

Some treatments to remove or destroy cancer within the lungs and nearby tissues include:

  • Surgical process: A doctor may operate to remove cancerous lung tissue and tissue in the surrounding areas where the cancer may have spread. 
    • Robotic-assisted lung surgery:  Our doctor’s use advanced Da Vinci Xi system to treat complex cases of lung cancer effectively. The various procedures performed by them include:
    • Lobectomy
    • Pneumonectomy
    • Sleeve Lung Resections
  • Other Robotic Thoracic procedures include:
    • Thymectomy
    • Esophagectomy
    • Mediastinal Masses Excision
  • VATS (Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery) include:
    • Lobectomy
    • Pneumonectomy
    • Sleeve Lung Resections
  • Open Surgery: This type of surgical procedure is recommended for the patient who is not fit for minimally invasive surgery.
  • Radiation therapy: Involve the use of high-energy waves to kill cancer cells.
  • Chemotherapy: Involve the use of Chemotherapy drugs to treat cancer and prevent recurrence. 
  • Targeted therapy: This therapy targets cancer’s specific genes, proteins, or the tissue environment that contributes to cancer growth and survival.
  • Immunotherapy: This therapy involves the use of medicines that prompt the body's immune system or natural defences to destroy cancer.

A patient might get chemotherapy, hormone therapy, or targeted therapy along with surgery or radiation. This multidisciplinary approach will help in treating the residual cancer cells during other forms of treatment.

What Are The Precautions One Must Take To Avoid Thoracic Cancer?

  • Stop smoking as soon as possible.
  • Drink lots of water.
  • Keep a healthy weight.
  • Be physically more active, exercise for at least 30 minutes daily.
  • Eat healthy food and avoid too much alcohol consumption.
  • Avoid the use of tobacco.

Are There Any Risk Factors Involved?

Some of the major factors that lead to thoracic cancer include:

  • Passive Smoking: 80 per cent of lung cancer cases are the result of continuous exposure to smoking.
  • Exposure to radon: A naturally existing radioactive gas.
  • Occupational exposure and pollution: Breathing in hazardous substances such as arsenic, cadmium, chromium, nickel, some petroleum products, uranium, etc.
  • Inherited genetic mutations: family history of lung cancer.
  • Exposure to air pollution: Lived where there is air pollution.
  • HIV infection: Been infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
  • Radiation therapy treatment: History of radiation therapy to the breast or chest.

Find Complete Relief from BLK Experts

If you think you are facing similar conditions, or have suffered from them in the past, please contact the BLK Hospital team to schedule an appointment at : +91-11-30403040

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