Since it’s a crucial treatment process, a patient has to undergo various processes before the transplant to ensure high safety and better outcomes.
Step 1: Pre-transplant Process: A doctor might prescribe Pre-transplant tests and procedures, where a series of tests and procedures are performed to ensure the patient’s general health and the status of the medical condition. This process of evaluation may take several days.
- Beginning Medical Evaluation
- Conference For Treatment Plan
- Central Venous Catheter Evaluation And Insertion
- Bone-Marrow/Stem Cells Harvest
Step 2: Conditioning Process: After the completion of the medical evaluation, a patient has to undergo the conditioning process. In this process either chemotherapy or radiation therapy or a combination of both is given to the patient to:
- Destroy any type of cancer cells in case of malignancy
- Preparing the patient’s bone marrow for the growth of new stem cells.
- Suppressing the patient's immune system
Step 3: Autologous Transplant: A patient now has to go through the cytotoxic treatment, which involves the transplantation of the harvested and processed cells back into the patient's body, through a central venous catheter. These cells then travel through the bloodstream into the places inside the bones, where they tend to create new bone marrow.
Step 4: Engraftment: In this process, the patient is under the close monitoring for the sign of the growth of new stem cells along with supportive care.
Step 5: Post Engraftment monitoring and continuation of immunosuppression