The division of Discectomy a BLK is known to perform two types of Discectomy
- Microscopic Discectomy (with the use of a microscope)
- Endoscopic Discectomy (with the use of an endoscope)
Preoperative Details - Before proceeding with the surgery, the doctors have to make sure that the patient is fit for the procedure. The patient has to undertake certain tests and screening process for the evaluation purpose. The doctor may prescribe certain medications to the patient, a week, or two before the surgery, to avoid any sort of infection during or after the surgery.
A patient will receive general anaesthesia before moving to the operation theatre and will sleep through the surgical procedure.
- Step 1: The doctor will make a few small incisions in the affected area.
- Step 2: A thin telescope-like instrument (microscope/endoscope) is inserted through small incisions in the spine, between the vertebrae and into the herniated disc space. The instrument has a tiny video camera – smaller than a dime attached to its top, which projects the inside view of the patient’s body on a monitor. These images help the doctor to perform complex operations easily.
- Step 3: The doctor then passes small surgical tools or robotic arms (during robotic-assisted surgery) through a small metal tube is inserted to the spine in order to remove a portion of the offending disc. At times these microsurgical tools help in pushing the bulging disc back into place and be used for the removal of disc fragments and small bony spurs.
- Step 4: The doctor closes incisions with sutures and covers them with surgical tape.
Postoperative Details - After the operation, the patient has to get admitted in the recovery room for monitoring purposes, from where the doctor transfers him/her to the ICU. The patient has to stay in an ICU for a day or two after and is then asked to shift to a normal ward, where he/she has to stay until he/she gets fit for discharge.