Neuro-endoscopy Surgery is a minimally invasive brain surgery that requires few small incisions for performing the surgery, unlike traditional open surgery which requires large incisions.
Before proceeding with the surgery the doctors have to make sure that the patient is fit for the procedure. The patient has to undertake certain tests and screening process for the evaluation purpose. The doctor may prescribe certain medications to the patient, a week, or two before the surgery, to avoid any sort of infection during or after the surgery.
A patient will receive general anaesthesia before moving to the operation theatre and will sleep through the surgical procedure.
- Step 1: The doctor will make a few small incisions at the affected area in the brain.
- Step 2: The doctor inserts a thin telescope-like instrument, called an endoscope into the patient's skull through a small incision. It has a tiny video camera – smaller than a dime attached to its top, which projects the inside view of the patient’s brain on a monitor. These images help the doctor to perform complex operations easily.
- Step 3: The doctor then passes small surgical instruments or robotic arms (during robotic-assisted surgery) through these incisions to perform the surgery by using the best X-ray views of the anatomy of the brain.
- Step 4: The doctor closes the incisions with sutures and covers them with surgical tape.
In case of a brain tumour, the patient has to undertake a few therapies for treating cancer completely. These include:
- Radiation Therapy: Involves the use of high energy waves to kill cancer cells, limit toxicity and improves results.
- Chemotherapy: Involve the use of powerful medicines to kill cancer cells.
- Targeted Therapy: This therapy targets cancer’s specific genes, proteins, or the tissue environment that contributes to cancer growth and survival.
- Immunotherapy: This therapy involves the use of medicines that prompt the body's immune system or natural defences to destroy cancer.
After the operation, the patient has to get admitted in the recovery room for monitoring purposes, from where the doctor transfers him/her to the ICU. The patient has to stay in an ICU for a day or two after and is then asked to shift to a normal ward, where he/she has to stay until he/she gets fit for discharge.