Joint Replacement Surgery is a medical technique that aims at helping patients suffering from chronic joint injuries or joint degeneration. An injury may be the result of an accident or an underlying medical condition. The surgery is carried out under the influence of anaesthesia. It involves the use of artificial grafts made up of plastic, metal, or ceramics which resemble the original joint. The surgery can help the patient to get rid of the pain and enhance the range of motion of the joint which was restricted earlier due to the orthopaedic problems. Joint Replacement Surgery is one of the most common orthopaedic procedures that can be performed on adults.
The surgery can be of two types:
- Partial Joint Replacement (replacement of only one part of the joint)
- Total Joint Replacement (replacement of the complete joint)