Knee Replacement Surgery

The Knee Replacement Surgery Unit at Institute for Bone, Joint Replacement, Spine and Sports Injury is among the leading specialised units of the country and has performed large number of Total Knee Replacement Surgeries witha high success rate. The Unit is supported by a team of highly experienced surgeons who understand and evaluate all types of knee conditions to  provide comprehensive care for effective and optimal outcomes.

What Is Knee Replacement Surgery?

Knee Replacement Surgery is an orthopaedic procedure in which the doctors replace the damaged knee joint of the patient with an artificial graft. The knee joint can get damaged due to various reasons such as:

  • An injury
  • A severe blow to the knee
  • An underlying medical condition like Osteoarthritis
  • Rigorous physical activities

The surgery for Total Knee Replacement requires anaesthesia and the process takes approximately 1 to 2 hours. It is carried out by making an incision on the knee to expose the affected joint and a graft made up of ceramic, plastic, or metallic is fixed in its place. This graft is created by highly specialised experts to suit the needs of the patient. Knee Replacement Surgery can be performed for either one knee at a time or for both knees simultaneously.

When Is A Knee Replacement Needed?

Total Knee Replacement is the most commonly-performed Joint Replacement procedure and is most suitable for middle-aged and older people who have arthritis in more than one compartment of the knee. One may also be recommended Knee Replacement surgery if there is severe pain, swelling and stiffness in knee joint, reduced mobility or compromised quality of life due to severe knee pain

Total Knee Joint Replacement surgery is usually necessary when the knee joint is worn or damaged to the extent that the mobility is reduced and one experiences pain even while resting. Conditions that cause damage to knee joints are: Knee Deformity, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Gout, Haemophillia, Bone Dysplasia.

Computer-Assisted Navigation for Orthopaedic Surgery

The Unit also offers Computer-Assisted Navigated Surgery for Knee Joint Replacement. It is one of the most advanced ways of treating complex orthopaedic conditions with improved outcomes. It allows doctors to obtain real-time feedback during the operation regarding the position of surgical instruments and implants, which is displayed on a monitor. The Computer Assisted Navigation technology helps surgeons in decreasing intra-operative errors and has the potential to improve surgical accuracy and outcomes

What Are The Indicators For This Surgery?

The need for Knee Replacement Surgery for any patient is entirely dependent upon the severity of the problem and the way their body is responding to non-surgical treatments. Doctors usually recommend Knee Replacement Surgery in the following cases:

  • If the patient is experiencing persistent pain in the lower limbs despite using the medication prescribed by the doctor
  • If the patient experiences stiffness and swelling in the knees even without indulging in rigorous activities
  • If the patient experiences pain while walking or climbing the stairs
  • If physiotherapy fails to relieve the pain in the affected area

What Is The Effectiveness Of Total Knee Replacement Surgery?

Total Knee Replacements surgeries have  an excellent success rate of 90-95% with the implant continuing to function well more than 15 years after the surgery. Most patients walk without a cane, most can climb stairs and arise from chairs normally, and most resume their desired level of recreational activities. At BLK we use the most advanced technology to perform surgery by Computer Navigation which translates into significant improvements in clinical function and may result in increased long-term survival of the implant. Computer navigation complements the surgeon's skill to provide an unbeatable combination of technique and technology thus ensuring successful surgical outcomes.

  •  Advantages:
    1. Accurate mechanical alignment
    2. Painless post-op recovery and rehabilitation i.e, early resumption of activities of daily living
    3. Less blood loss.
    4. Short hospital stay
    5. Increased implant life

What Are The Conditions Treated Under Knee Replacement Surgery?

Some of the major conditions that are treated under Knee replacement surgery are:

  • Severe Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Haemophilia
  • Ligament Damage
  • Infections that causes severe Osteoarthritis
  • Gout and ‘Pseudogout’ (Crystal deposition diseases)
  • Avascular Necrosis (loss of blood supply due to death of bone)
  • Bone Dysplasias (disorders related to the growth of bone)

What Are The Steps Required For The Preparation Of The Surgery?

In order to prepare the patients for the surgery, the doctors usually discuss the whole procedure with them. The doctor may ask the patient to follow specific guidelines that will help to minimise certain complications that can arise during or after the surgery.

  • Undergo all the required pre-tests as prescribed by the doctor
  • Inform the doctor about current medical condition or previous medical history
  • Ask a family member to accompany the patient on the day of  surgery
  • Arrange for  crutches or a wheelchair as one might need them after the surgery
  • Be both physically as well as mentally prepared for the surgery

What Are The Precautions One Must Take Before And After The Surgery?

The precautionary measures one must take before and after undergoing a Knee Replacement Surgery are:

Before the Surgery:

  • A patient must stop taking blood thinning medicine
  • Avoid excessive drinking and smoking
  • The knees bear the weight of the whole body; therefore it is important to lose extra body weight as this can put unnecessary strain on the affected area

After the Surgery:

  • Avoid taking part in exhaustive physical activities
  • Abstain from smoking and drinking
  • The toilet seat of the patient must be high
  • Take all the medicines prescribed by the doctor religiously
  • A patient must mobilise as must as possible without causing any discomfort
  • Do not bend the  knees unnecessarily
  • Avoid climbing stairs. If possible shift the room of the patient to ground floor
  • Avoid bathing with cold water as it increases the pain
  • Eat a healthy and nutritious diet as it will help to strengthen the  body to cope up with post-surgical trauma
  • One can also opt for physiotherapy as it helps to subside the swelling and inflammation

Find Complete Relief from BLK Experts

If you think you are facing similar conditions, or have suffered from them in the past, please contact the BLK Hospital team to schedule an appointment at : +91-11-30403040

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