Reconstructive Plastic Surgery

The Reconstructive Plastic Surgery Unit at BLK Super Speciality Hospital is home to a specialised reconstructive surgery team of plastic surgeons, anaesthetists and dedicated nursing staff, who have expertise in correcting deformities of the body affected by birth defects, developmental abnormalities, trauma/injuries, infections, tumours and other diseases.

What Are the Different Types of Procedures Used For Reconstructive Plastic Surgery?

The Reconstructive Plastic Surgery Unit aims at enhancing the general appearance of a person. The team of highly experienced plastic and reconstructive surgeons at BLK Hospital performs a wide variety of surgeries to restore functionality and to correct the appearance of deformity. This can be achieved in a number of ways including: 

  • Free Flap Reconstruction for Head and Neck- The process is used for facial reconstruction following the treatment for head and neck cancer. It yields better cosmetic outcomes with quick recovery
  • Microsurgical Breast Reconstruction - It is an important procedure which is used as a part of breast cancer treatment. It gives superior result for women who have undergone a mastectomy or require removal of large breasts.
  • Reconstructive Microsurgery - It is a special area of plastic surgery which involves the use of an operating microscope to transfer tissues from one part of the body to another distant part for reconstruction. Precise microsurgical skills are used to reconstruct defects resulting from various malignant issues, amputated body parts and severed nerves or blood vessels in order to optimize functional outcome.
  • Tissue Expansion - It is one of the latest and most advanced treatments available for reconstructive surgery. It involves the expansion of normal skin for curing congenital and post-trauma defects of the body.
    1. Skin Grafting - It is a technique which involves the replacement of damaged skin with healthy skin. In this technique, a section of skin from one part of the body is moved to another part to cover the large wounds or replace damaged skin by grafting. However, the place from where the skin is taken is allowed to heal spontaneously on its own.
    2. Tangential Excision - It is the latest technique for burn treatment that is used to remove any scar and expose the viable tissue to promote burn closure and minimize infection. The technique leads to better cosmetic results.
    3. Flap Surgery- It involves the movement of layers of tissue (usually skin, fat, muscle and even bone) anywhere from head to toe, from one area of the body to another and is associated with blood supply. The tissue or “flap” can be brought from the same region, utilising a regional flap, or it can be done from a distant part of the body. Under this surgery, the blood supply is usually divided and reconnected by the use of the operating microscope and microsurgical techniques.
    4. Meek Grafting- It is one of the latest treatment techniques used for burn cases. In this technique, a very small portion of skin graft can be used for large burn areas. The major benefit of meek grafting are:
      • Fewer infections 
      • Faster healing process
      • High cosmetic results 
      • Requires very small donor sites 
      • Grafts very easy to manipulate
      • Offer fast and uniform epithelialization
      • Large expansion ratios (possibly up to 1:9)
      • Failure of a few islands does not affect overall graft take
      • Excellent graft take (due to correctly orientated graft islands)
      • Any small skin fragments can be used, thus the need for precious donor skin is eliminated

Which Conditions Are Treated Under Reconstructive Plastic Surgery Unit at BLK?

Reconstructive plastic surgery is a type of surgery, which is all about repairing deformed body parts and restoring function. It is used to treat conditions such as:

  • Breast reconstruction
  • Hand surgery
  • Hand surgery for rheumatoid arthritis
  • Components separation
  • Moebius syndrome
  • Open ventral hernia repair
  • Craniofacial surgery
  • Giant abdominal wall hernia
  • Melanoma
  • Nonmelanomaskin cancer
  • Merkel cell carcinoma
  • Post-bariatric body contouring
  • Breast reconstruction (after breast cancer treatment)
  • Head and neck plastic surgery (post cancer treatment)
  • Hand and wrist pain/fractures
  • Hand and wrist ligament injuries
  • Replant amputations
  • Complex wounds
  • Skin lesions
  • Carpal tunnel
  • Trigger finger/thumb
  • Thumb arthritis
  • Flexor and extensor tendon injuries 
  • Nerve injuries
  • Burn injuries

The surgery is generally performed to improve function and ability, but may also be performed to achieve a more structured appearance

Who Is the Right Candidate for Reconstructive Plastic Surgery?

Generally, there are two types of people who can undergo plastic surgery:

  • People with birth defects 
    1. Cleft Lip
    2. Craniofacial anomalies 
    3. Hand deformities
  • People with deformities 
    1. Due to an accident
    2. Due to infection
    3. Due to disease 
    4. Due to ageing

Find Complete Relief from BLK Experts

If you think you are facing similar conditions, or have suffered from them in the past, please contact the BLK Hospital team to schedule an appointment at : +91-11-30403040

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