Technology At Centre For Child Health

At BLK Hospital, our comprehensive care for our patients goes beyond the diagnosis and treatment approaches. We aim to ensure that each and every patient under our care provided with the full continuum of emergency healthcare services. Our experts use latest and advanced technology comprises of offerings important for a faster and healthier recovery cycle.

Electroencephalogram (EEG)- It is a test performed to detect electrical activity in the patient’s brain using small metal discs (electrodes), which are attached to the scalp. The brain cells are active all the time even when the person is asleep. The doctor records this communicate between brain cells via electrical impulses as wavy lines on an EEG recording and evaluate the patient's condition accordingly.

Electrocardiography (ECG)- It is a more specific test to ascertain heart conditions and help doctors in deciding the treatment procedure for the patient. The doctor recommends this test if some inconsistency is seen in the patient’s chest X-ray and CT Scans. The procedure involves the injection of dye into the patient's heart through the blood vessels. The patient then lies down on a table which goes inside a tunnel-like machine known as MRI, which provides more clear images of the heart. 

Echocardiography - Also termed as a cardiac echo or simply an echo is a sonogram of the heart, uses sound waves to produce images of the patient’s heart and help the doctor to see the patient’s heart beating and pumping blood. The doctor uses these images to identify heart diseases.

Ultrasound - Ultrasound is used to generate pictures of the inside of the body using sound waves. It is a painless diagnostic technique that neither hurt the body nor involves the use of radiation.

Doppler - A Doppler ultrasound is a non-invasive test used to measure the flow of blood through your blood vessels. It involves the use of bouncing high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) over the circulating red blood cells to diagnose many conditions like:

  • Blood Clots
  • Urinary Bladder Neck blood flow changes
  • Bulging Arteries (Aneurysms)
  • Peripheral Artery Disease
  • Carotid Artery Stenosis
  • Venous Insufficiency
  • rterial Occlusion

Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy- It is a procedure used by the doctor to see inside the lining of your upper GI tract, using a flexible tube with a camera known as an endoscope. It is used to diagnose and, sometimes, treat conditions that affect the upper part of your digestive system. 

Colonoscopy- A colonoscopy (koe-lun-OS-kuh-pee) is an exam performed by the doctors over the patient to detect changes or abnormalities in the large intestine (colon) and rectum. A long, flexible tube known as colonoscope having a tiny video camera at the tip of it is inserted into the rectum. The camera allows the doctor to view the inside of the entire colon and help on detecting abnormalities.

Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)- It is a specialised technique used to study and treat problems of the liver, pancreas and occasionally of the gallbladder such as blockages (strictures), stones and other problems. It is performed using sedative that is injected into the veins. Since the complexity and length of the procedure are more as compared to other endoscopic procedures therefore, the level of sedation is deeper.

Capsule Endoscopy- Capsule endoscopy is a procedure that involves the use of a tiny wireless camera and helps doctors to see inside your small intestine. The capsule endoscopy camera is very small and sits inside a vitamin-sized capsule you swallow.  The camera travels through your digestive tract taking thousands of photos, which are transmitted to the recorder you wear on a belt around your waist.

Video-assisted Flexible Bronchoscopy- It is Flexible bronchoscopy procedure that involves the use of an endoscope (bronchoscope) for Transbronchial Lung Biopsy (TBLB)/ Transbronchial Needle Aspiration (TBNA)/ foreign body removal/ diagnostic and Therapeutic Interventions. The surgeon advances the bronchoscope with a camera on its top, through the airways in each lung to diagnose the problem. The camera displays the images from inside the lung on a video screen, using which a doctor can perform several other interventional pulmonology procedures.

Pulmonary Function Testing- Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are a non-invasive way of showing how well your lungs are working. The tests are used to measure the various aspects of lungs including lung volume, capacity, rates of flow, and gas exchange. This information is used by Pulmonologists to diagnose and evaluate the treatment for certain types of lung disorders.

Haemodiafiltration (HDF) - A haemodiafiltration is a form of renal replacement therapy and is commonly known as a blood purification method. It works by utilising a convective-type driving force in combination with diffusional-type, which is a part of standard haemodialysis. 
In comparison to standard haemodialysis, HDF removes more middle-molecular-weight solutes. HDF tends to provide 

  • Improved clinical outcomes
  • Adequate convection volumes 
  • Increases the clearance of larger toxins

Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy (CRRT) -CRRT is a slow and continuous extracorporeal blood purification therapy that is commonly used to treat critically ill patients with acute kidney injury. It is a dialysis treatment that provides renal support to patients who are hemodynamically unstable as a continuous 24 hour per day therapy.CRRT helps by mimicking the functions of the kidneys. It purifies the blood by regulating water, electrolytes, and toxic products through the continuous slow removal of solutes and fluid. It is for the patients who meet criteria for haemodialysis therapy but cannot tolerate conventional intermittent haemodialysis (IHD) due to haemodynamic instability. 

Sustained Low-Efficiency Daily Dialysis (SLEDD)- SLEDD is an increasingly popular renal replacement therapy for the treatment of acute kidney illness. It is primarily for patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). It benefits the patient by providing good solute control and haemodynamic stability.SLEDD has evolved as a conceptual and technical hybrid of Intermittent Haemodialysis (IHD) and Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy (CRRT). It holds a therapeutic aim that combines the desirable properties of each of these component modalities.

Computed Tomography Scan (CT or CAT Scan) - This helps in creating an image of the different body parts with the help of contrast dye injected into one of your veins to make it easier to see the blood flow and spot aneurysms in your brain.

PET / CT Scan - A PET/CT scan is one of the best ways to find different complications in the body. It uses radiation to show activity on a cellular level within the body. It provides nuclear imaging that uses a small amount of radioactive material to diagnose the severity of various kinds of diseases. BLK has installed the latest generation PET/CT Scan machine in order to aid the diagnosis and treatment of a plethora of diseases such as gastrointestinal, endocrine, neurological disorders, heart disease, and other abnormalities within the body. 

MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)- BLK has installed the first of its kind a1.5 Tesla Volume MRI machine in India, which helps doctors to diagnose a problem and monitor it throughout the course of the treatment. It is a non-invasive and painless procedure that does not involve x-ray radiation to create detailed images of the organs and tissues within the body. It is utilised to image almost all body parts including the brain, spinal cord, breasts, heart, bones, joints, blood vessels, liver, prostate glands, etc.

Nuclear Imaging- It is an imaging technique that involves the use of small amounts of radioactive materials called radiotracers. These radiotracers are typically injected into the bloodstream, or either inhaled or swallowed by the patient. The radiotracer travels through the area under examination and gives off energy in the form of gamma rays. These rays are then detected by a special camera which is connected to a computer and create images of the inside of the patient’s body.

Paediatric ECMO (Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation) - Centre provides life support for children whose heart and lungs aren't functioning normally.

High-Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation (HFOV) - It helps children with breathing problems by sending small, rapid puffs of air into the lungs. It's safer for small lungs than high-pressure, conventional ventilation methods.

Plasmapheresis - The technology is used to exchange blood plasma in cases of poisoning and certain immunological conditions like autoimmune encephalitis, TTP etc.

Rigid Bronchoscopy- It is specially designed for patients who are not amenable for fiberoptic bronchoscopy.  It is used for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes including tumour removal foreign body removal, and stenting. 

Overnight Diagnostic Polysomnogram (PSG)/ Paediatric Sleep Study- It is one of the most common types of sleep studies known as an overnight sleep test or polysomnography. It records data recorded during the study involve:

  • Brain waves
  • The oxygen level in the blood
  • Heart rate 
  • Breathing
  • Eye and leg movements 

Impulse Oscillometry (IOS)- IOS is a variant of forced oscillation technique that is used to take the passive measurement of lung mechanics and help the doctor know about the functioning of the lung. It is currently the most common performed lung test to diagnose obstructive airways disease (OAD). It is also used to determine prognosis and helps evaluate response to therapy. 

Paediatric Laparoscopy - Laparoscopy also called minimally invasive surgery is a surgical procedure performed to treat children with various surgical conditions. It is done using a thin, fibre-optic instrument known as Laparoscope, by making Band-Aid-size incisions. This minimally invasive approach has replaced the traditional open surgery and is proven to be safer, efficient, technically feasible, and well tolerated in infants, young children, and teenagers.


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