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BLK Medical Labs & Transfusion Medicine

Designed to include all the sub-specialities of laboratory medicine: Histo- and Cyto-Pathology Clinical Biochemistry, Clinical Microbiology, Hematology & Immunohematology, and Molecular Biology, the department of laboratory services provides comprehensive support, expertise, and consultation services that facilitate clinical care in the hospital. While the aforementioned specialities work as independent units, they are integrated under one roof, to ensure uniform and efficient analysis and reporting of test results. Every speciality has highly qualified and reputed faculty and are equipped with state-of-the-art automated systems covering all aspects of laboratory – the pre-analytical, analytical and post analytical phases. The laboratory is housed on the first floor. While it has a very pleasant ambiance, the workflow system adopted in the area provides unhindered environment for testing.

Besides providing accurate and reproducible results in the shortest possible turnaround time, the objectives of the department include: continuous update of equipment and techniques to meet the changing needs and expectations of the health care workers and the society. The department boasts of very well trained and expert faculty who not only provide expert consultative advice on the test results, but also, train medical and paramedical staff, promote academic activities and conduct research in all disciplines’. The department provides short term trainings for specialized laboratory areas like flow cytometry, transplant pathology, etc. and plans to have post-graduate training in pathology (DNB) as well as DMLT/B Sc MLT training courses for technical staff in due course.

Laboratories are conscious of the providing quality services for ensuring accuracy and reliability of each test result. The lab has a well defined quality management system, including a stringent internal quality control programme, as well as participation in the national and international proficiency testing programmes. These efforts were recognized by the national accrediting body for laboratories in the country, NABL, in the very first year of the operation of the labs, and bestowed the labs with NABL ACCREDITATION which continues till date.

Histopathology & Cytopathology

The department of Histopathology and Cytopathology gives opinion on specimens from Gynecology, Urology, Gastroenterology, Cardiology, Orthopedics, Respiratory Medicine and highly specialized areas such as Neurology, Oncology, and Transplant units. Immunohistochemistry offers updated diagnostic and prognostic applications in the field of oncology. Flow cytometric evaluation of lymphomas is readily available. Frozen section technique allows rapid diagnosis for immediate decisions regarding intra-operative and postoperative patient management. We have an advance immunohistochemical laboratory performing more than 80 diagnostic as well as prognostic markers with proper quality control program in place which assures the reliable and reproducible results in minimal turnaround time.

The Cytopathology service is well equipped. Diagnostic facility is provided for gynecologic and Non -gynaecologic sample in shortest possible turnaround time. Gynaecologic services include pap smear reporting (Bethesda 2001) & outsourced facilities for HPV testing and liquid based thin prep PAP smear. Non-gynaecologic samples include: cytology of fluids, bronchial specimen, CBD brushing, USG guided and CT guided FNA’s. We also do FNA from various superficial sites in lab and bedside.

Clinical Biochemistry

The Department of Biochemistry performs routine and specialized biochemical tests such as tumor markers, therapeutic drug monitoring and hormone assays. The turnaround time is as per the international standards.

Clinical Microbiology

The department of Microbiology has the latest and standardized equipments including BACTEC 9120, Phoenix BD Id/AST, MGIT960, Architect, Minineph, Minividas, etc. for rapid diagnosis of infectious diseases. The department also looks after the hospital infection control programme. Advanced diagnosis of infectious disorders is possible with well-equipped nucleic acid detection techniques.


The department of Haematology provides state-of-the-art investigative facility for comprehensive diagnosis of hematological disorders. The department comprises a core laboratory for routine laboratory tests and specialized facilities for study of haemostatic, haemolytic and oncologic disorders. Acid and alkaline eletrophoreses and haemoglobin HPLC are well developed for diagnosis of haemoglobinopathies. Flow cytometry of bone marrow, blood and lymphomas is one of the strengths of this laboratory and serves the needs of the haematopoietic stem cell bone marrow transplant unit.

Molecular Biology

Molecular diagnostic facilities for HLA typing have been standardized and started and other molecular tests including those for infectious diseases and haematological disorders are proposed to be added in due course.

Immunohematology & Transfusion Medicine

The department of Transfusion Medicine is equipped with high end systems to collect and process blood for preparation of components, storage of blood and blood products and for apheresis procedures. Latest techniques are used for immuno-haematological testing, for blood compatibility and for diagnosis. The department also receives samples from outside for work-up of auto and alloimmune haemolytic anemias. The department is committed to ensure availability of safe blood. Stringent quality control practices include testing of a defined number of units of each product for the appropriate parameters. The facility is licensed by Drug controller General India. Blood is collected only from voluntary non-remunerated replacement donors only. The Department provides round the clock service including platelet apheresis and peripheral stem cell harvesting.


The Cytopathology section provides services for performing fine needle aspiration cytology testing under local anesthesia for superficial lesions, while hemato-pathology section performs bone marrow aspiration and biopsy procedures within the laboratory premises. In addition, outside sample processing is also done within the laboratories.


The BLK Medical laboratories are equipped with state-of-the-art cutting edge technology in the respective areas, from pneumatic chute system for delivery of patient samples, through fully automated analytical systems, to on-line delivery of patient reports, thus, encompassing all the phases of laboratory system – the pre-analytical, analytical and the post analytical phases. The equipment in use in various sections include automated systems for surgical pathology and cytopathology from Thermo Shandon, automated hematology analyzers: Beckman Coulter LH 750, DISSE ESR equipment, BioRad Variant II HPLC system, coagulometers-ACL Elite Pro, Sebia electrophoresis equipment, ELISA system, Flowcytometers BD FACS Calibur, ROCHE & ABOTT platforms for chemistry and immunoassays, BACTEC 9120, Phoenix BD Id/AST, MGIT960, Architect, Minineph, Minividas, and ROCHE PCR platforms, etc. to name a few.

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