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Cancer Centre >> Treatment Offered >> Medical Oncology

Medical Oncology

BLK Cancer Centre offers Medical Oncology treatment that deals with Chemotherapy, Immunotherapy, and Targeted therapy in combination with chemotherapy to more effectively treat cancer. They also manage the side effects of chemotherapy ranging from common to rarer ones, so that patients can lead relatively normal lives while receiving chemotherapy.

Medical Oncology Treatment in India is best possible at BLK Hospital where a multidisciplinary approach is followed to treat the patients. It offers comprehensive patient care along with expertise, assurance and huge dedication

We have a team of fully trained Medical Oncologists with rich experience of managing all types of cancers with Chemotherapy. They are also experts in treating cancers more effectively by using Immunotherapy and Targeted Therapy in combination with Chemotherapy. In addition, they manage the side effects of Chemotherapy, ranging from common to rare, so that patients can lead relatively normal lives while receiving Chemotherapy

 What is Chemotherapy?

The word Chemotherapy simply means "drug treatment." The treatment in BLK cancer centre is carried out with one or more drugs that kill cancer cells or make them less active.

Chemotherapy can be given with a single drug or in combination of multiple drugs, depending on the type of cancer being treated. The aim of the treatment will depend on the type of cancer you have and how advanced it is.

 How does Chemotherapy work?

Healthy body cells divide and reproduce in an orderly and controlled manner; however in cancer cells, this process occurs without proper control.

The Chemotherapy drugs enter the blood stream and travel around the body. Chemotherapy works by interfering with processes inside the cells, damaging them so that they cannot divide and grow properly and therefore leading the cancer cells to die. Chemotherapy can also affect healthy cells which are dividing and growing quickly and it is because of this that people can experience side effects. These side effects are usually temporary because healthy cells recover quicker than cancerous cells, and permanent damage is rare with most Chemotherapy treatments.

 How is Chemotherapy carried out?

Most commonly, Chemotherapy for cancer treatment is given to the patient:

  • By tablet or capsule (by mouth)
  • By injection through a vein into the bloodstream, using a syringe (bolus) or infusion (drip)

Sometimes, Chemotherapy needs to be administered through a "PICC" line (a small tube that is put into a large vein in your chest or arm, so blood samples can be taken and medicines and fluids given easily, it can stay in place for a long period of time) or a Chemo port. The Consultant will discuss various modalities in detail with you.


What are the precautions I need to take to avoid infection during the treatment?

  • Wash your hands carefully while in the hospital. Alcohol hand rub is kept by each hand wash basin and by the entrance of the clinical areas (wards, day unit and outpatients). It is quicker and easier to use than soap when your hands are not actually soiled but might be carrying "hidden bugs." Please wash your hands after using the toilet or if you have any diarrhoea
  • Maintain good personal hygiene, take a bath or shower every day
  • Keep your mouth clean, brush your teeth and rinse your mouth after meals
  • Use a soft toothbrush that won't hurt your gums
  • Be careful not to nick yourself when using scissors, needles or knives
  • Change your bed linen regularly
  • Avoid going to crowded places
  • Avoid inhalation of dust
  • Take care when handling pets
  • Stay away from people who have a disease / infection you can catch, such as cold, flu and measles. Inform us immediately if you are in contact with someone with an infectious or contagious disease such as Chicken Pox.
  • Keep your environment clean, use a regular surface disinfectant

If you are at particular risk of an infection, due to the type of Chemotherapy you are receiving, you may be given "preventative" antibiotics. These should help protect you from the most common infections. Please ensure you take them regularly as directed.

 What are the side effects of Chemotherapy?

Chemotherapy affects some of the normal cells and thus, may cause some side effects. The side effects you experience will depend on the particular drug or combination of drugs you receive. Some people do not get any side effects, but if you experience any, please inform your Consultant.


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