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Centre for Neurosciences >> Treatment Offered >> Cerebro-vascular surgery

Cerebro-vascular surgery

We are an advanced aneurysm treatment centers we offer treatment of cerebral aneurysms by endovascular route without opening the skull, it is one of the most complex and precise neurosurgeries also called Neurointerventions or Neuroendovascular surgeries. We are a busy centre for embolizations of cerebral aneurysms we handle most complex cases in our neurovascular cath lab.

Arteriovenous malformations is another disease is another in which we specialize in fact probably we do highest number of these malformation in north India. Carotid revascularizations that is angioplasty and endartrectomy is also one of the diseases which is offered not only under one roof but also by same team.

Vascular malformations of the children is also one critical subspeciality again one of the very few in the country which is capable of treating very young children who require very specialized care in cath labs and even post operative period too.

Cerebral microsurgery is offered again with most advanced microscopes and techniques like ICG and dopplers sometimes with neuroendoscope assistance. This for the patient means that every patient will get the best suitable treatment and advice for a particular disease by same team of professionals and under one roof.

What is a Cerebrovascular Disease?

Cerebrovascular disease affects the blood vessels of the brain, and is also known as a stroke. It is a generic term which includes brain haemorrhage and ischemic stroke. Both forms of stroke are treatable if detected in time, otherwise they can lead to paralysis or even death.

What is the incidence of stroke?

The chances of a stroke, otherwise known as cerebrovascular disease, is quite high among the Indian population. In fact it is as high as 800 per 100,000 people and the actual incidence is increasing considerably. Stroke is rated as the second highest cause of death and disability, after cancer, in non-communicable diseases.

What are the risk factors for stroke?

Risk factors which might lead to stroke are hypertension (poorly controlled blood pressure), diabetes (poorly controlled blood sugar), deranged lipid levels, excess of homocysteine in the blood, and polycystic kidney diseases, among many others.

Is stroke preventable or treatable?

Certainly! With proper awareness about the disease, we can immediately start implementing lifestyle changes, along with prescription of medicines, to reduce the risk of stroke significantly. It is also crucial to identify a stroke in the first couple of hours for the best treatment.

How to recognize a stroke?

There are many simple signs which allow a BLK doctors, or even an onlooker, to recognize a stroke. Some of them are:

  • Slurring of speech or sudden onset of confusion
  • Sudden onset of blurry vision or even blindness
  • Weakness on one side of the body or inability to balance
  • Facial asymmetry: ask the person to smile, the curve of their lips will be irregular

How is a stroke treated?

If you suspect that someone is experiencing a stroke, then you should immediately rush them to a stroke centre, where they will undergo imaging studies (CT and or MR) and will be treated by a stroke specialist. Further treatment might require clot-busting drugs or angioplasty of the brain vessels in a Cath Lab. Other treatments include:

  • In case of a haemorrhagic stroke, the treatment will depend upon the cause of the stroke
  • In case it is an aneurysm, then it will be filled up with detachable coils
  • In case of an arteriovenous malformation, it will be embolized (filled) with an embolic material
  • In case of a carotid disease (stenosis), a carotid artery angioplasty will be offered

All the above procedures are done in a Neurovascular Cath Lab and are called Neurointervention procedures.

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