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Centre For Child Health >> Treatment Offered >> Pediatric Nephrology

Pediatric Nephrology

Pediatric Nephrology

The division of Pediatric Nephrology is dedicated to the care of neonates, infants and children up to 16 years of age with renal diseases, both acute and chronic. This includes evaluation, specialized testing, education and ongoing care. The division works closely with a number of other specialities including pediatric surgery and urology, neonatal and pediatric intensive care, transplant surgery, child psychology and nutrition.

  • - Expert evaluation and management of various kidney diseases
  • - Ultrasound guided kidney biopsy: minimally invasive procedure done under sedation without general anaesthesia
  • - Hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis catheter insertion
  • - Acute and chronic hemodialysis
  • - Slow low efficiency dialysis (SLED) - Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT)
  • - Manual and automated peritoneal dialysis

 

Common Pediatric Kidney Diseases

Antenatal hydronephrosis and congenital renal anomalies like single kidney, multicystic dysplastic kidney, duplication of kidney, echogenic kidneys, ureteroceles, and posterior urethral valves.

Nephrotic syndrome is associated with recurrent generalised body swelling and increased risk of infections. These patients may require long term medications to control the disease and minimise complications.

Recurrent urinary tract infections can lead to renal damage. These patients require expert evaluation to identify and treat modifiable risk factors and prevent recurrent infections.

Acute kidney injury is commonly seen in critically ill children and presents with body swelling and decreased urine output. These patients often require hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis plasmapheresis. These services are available round the clock at this centre.

Chronic kidney disease can result from a variety of congenital and acquired renal diseases. These children need long term specialised medical care and renal replacement therapy.

Renal stones may often be associated with inherited and metabolic diseases, especially in younger children. Evaluation and treatment is aimed at identifying the etiology and preventing recurrence of stones.

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